I feel I have quite a number of challenging students in my class and feel the need to look up and study more about these challenging behaviours so that I can understand more about them and learn ways to support the students in the classroom.
Some of the behaviours range from
ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism is a lifelong developmental condition that affects, among other things, the way an individual relates to his or her environment and their interaction with other people.
The word ‘spectrum’ describes the range of difficulties that people with autism may experience and the degree to which they may be affected. Some people may be able to live relatively normal lives, while others may have an accompanying learning disability and require continued specialist support.
The main areas of difficulty are in social communication, social interaction and restricted or repetitive behaviours and interests.
People on the autism spectrum may also have:
- unusual sensory interests such as sniffing objects or staring intently at moving objects
- sensory sensitivities including avoiding everyday sounds and textures such as hair dryers, vacuum cleaners and sand
- intellectual impairment or learning difficulties.
This information came from Autism Spectrum Australia website and there is a lot more information on this website to support educators and families.
ODD – Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a childhood behaviour problem. A child with ODD won’t do what people ask, thinks that what he’s /she’s being asked to do is unreasonable, and gets angry and aggressive about being asked to do things.
All children are disobedient and cranky sometimes, especially if they’re tired, upset or frustrated. But a child with ODD behaves like this a lot, and the ODD behaviour is so severe that the child has trouble doing ordinary, everyday things.
The Raising Children Network gives detailed information about the different problems and ways to support families, and schools for children who are suffering ODD.
ADDH – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a medical condition where children act before they think, have trouble focusing and can’t sit still a lot of the time.
Many children have trouble with some of these things. But in children with ADHD, this behaviour is extreme and has a big impact on children’s daily life.
With ADHD, the different parts of the brain don’t ‘talk’ to each other in a typical way. Because of this, children might have trouble thinking, learning, expressing their feelings or controlling their behaviour as well as other children of the same age.
There are three types of ADHD:
- ADHD inattentive type: children with this type tend to have trouble concentrating, remembering instructions, paying attention and finishing tasks.
- ADHD hyperactive/impulsive type: children with this type are always on the go, have trouble slowing down and can often act without thinking.
- ADHD combined type: children with this type tend to have trouble concentrating, are fidgety or restless and are always on the go. They often act without thinking.
The Raising Children Network also provides detailed information to support families, and schools for children who are suffering ADHD.
Both of these websites are filled with a lot of information to support families and educators for these conditions and I believe I will refer back to them in the future.